Corresponding author: Assistant Professor Dr. Copyright © The Rheumatoid arthritis stages This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs Licensewhich permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background It is supposed that hypoandrogenism may be involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis RA.
Methods This case-control study was conducted on 59 patients with RA and 61 healthy gender- and age-matched controls at Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran, in Serum free testosterone and DHEAs levels were measured and compared between two groups. Serum testosterone levels lower than 0.
- Clinical trials Pathological diagnosis of invasive adenocarcinoma of the breast.
- Fájdalommentes térd deformáció
- Mi a térdízület artrózisa 3 fok
DHEAs levels lower than Data were analyzed using independent sample T-test, Chi-square test, and logistic regression analysis by SPSS software, version Results The mean testosterone level in females of the control group was significantly higher than females in the case group. The mean DHEAs in the control group was significantly higher than the case group.
- Мидж развела руками.
- A vállízület ízületi gyulladásának típusai
- A térd gonarthrosis artrózisának kezelése
Abnormal testosterone and DHEAs level in the case group was significantly higher than the control group. Conclusion With regard to the results, abnormal testosterone and DHEAs level in patients with RA was significantly higher than the control group. This shows the anti-inflammatory effects of gonadal and adrenal androgens in RA. Keywords: Fájdalomcsillapítók súlyos ízületi fájdalmak esetén arthritis, Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, Androgens, Humoral immunity, Cellular rheumatoid arthritis stages Go to: 1.
Introduction Rheumatoid Arthritis RA is a chronic, systemic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammatory arthritis. The disease is characterized by a symmetric synovitis and tenderness of different joints, especially small joints of hands and feet.
This disease is the most common form of inflammatory acute arthritis which usually causes joint damages and disability 1. The prevalence of RA is about 0.
Diag - Rheumatoid arthritis korai stádium Rheumatoid arthritis early stages. Tartalom References A polyarthritisek okának tisztázása sok esetben nem egyszerű, tekintettel a háttérben felmerülő lehetséges kórképek sokféleségére.
The disease is most prevalent in females and in the age range of 25—55 years 2 — 4. The RA symptoms at the time of referring to the clinics typically result from inflammation in joints, tendons and bursas 5.
Rheumatoid arthritis early stages.
In a joint study by the American College of Rheumatology and the European League Against Rheumatism, the classification criteria of RA were revised 6aiming to improve the process of early diagnosis of the disease in patients who can benefit from treatment with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs DMARD 7. Hypoandrogenism is a disorder associated with RA. The level of testosterone reduces at the onset of disease complications and returns to the normal state after relieving the acute symptoms The severity of gonadotropin rheumatoid arthritis stages is in association with the severity of disease.
Most of these people have a central defect in the hypothalamus-pituitary, or have defects in the testicles and in the hypothalamic-pituitary centers Sexual hormones engage in immune responses; for example, estrogen hormones intensify humoral immune responses, and progesterone and androgens naturally act as immune inhibitors 1415 ; for example, the levels of testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate DHEAs - one of the major circulating steroids in blood and as a central intermediate in the metabolic pathway of sex steroid hormone formation 16 - decrease in body fluids such rheumatoid arthritis stages blood, synovial liquid 17 and saliva of males and females with RA These hormones also strengthen the pathogenic potential role of the lower levels of androgens, which are the immune system inhibitors.
The anti-inflammatory effects of androgens in physiological levels are proved The mean testosterone and DHEAs serum levels in males and postmenopausal females with RA were lower than those of the control group; hence, it is supposed that hypoandrogenism may be involved in the pathogenesis of RA In fact, some studies indicated that higher levels of testosterone in young males play protective roles against the incidence of RA The idea that lower levels of serum testosterone associated with RA conditions result from chronic inflammatory situations relies on the observations indicating the clinical improvement associated with the level of serum testosterone after a successful treatment It is clinically important that patients undergoing long-term treatment with glucocorticoids may experience hypoandrogenism due to the secretion of Luteinizing hormone LH and Follicle-stimulating hormone FSH by their hypophyses If there is a relationship between the reduction of androgens and RA disease, further studies could be rheumatoid arthritis stages on the available therapeutic methods and testosterone.
The aim of this study was to determine the association of serum testosterone and DHEAs with rheumatoid arthritis in a case control design. Go to: 2. The rheumatoid arthritis stages was approved in the local medical researches ethics committee of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences.
The case group included the patients with RA referred to the rheumatology clinic at Qazvin University of Medical Sciences with medical records. The demographics, time of onset of illness symptoms, morning stiffness, extra-articular manifestations, type of joint involvement, time of menopause, and results of laboratory medical tests RF, Anti-CCP were recorded in the medical profile of the patients.
The inclusion criterion was diagnosis of RA in men and postmenopausal women.
The exclusion criteria were thyroid disorders, polycystic ovarian syndrome in women, adrenal tumors, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, hypopituitarism, liver disease, alcohol use, and taking medications including androgens, steroids, anticonvulsants, barbiturates, and clomiphene, adrenocortical tumors.
The control group subjects were selected among the healthy people referred to the rheumatology clinic, and were matched for age and gender with the case group. The goals of the project were provided to the subjects in both groups and written informed consent was obtained from them, respectively. A 5 mL non-fasting blood sample at 8—10 am was obtained from each subject in both groups. Based on the reference range of Roche kit, the serum testosterone level lower than 0.
Data were explained by central and diffusion indices. The association between the qualitative variables was measured using independent sample T-test and the association between the qualitative variables was evaluated using Chi-square test.
Rheumatoid arthritis 4 stages
The independent association between the variables and RA was evaluated by logistic regression analysis. All analyses were performed using the SPSS software, version Go to: 3. Results Fifty-nine patients with RA and 61 healthy subjects were enrolled into the study. The mean age was Of the two groups, Mean time of menopause in female subjects was 9.
In the case group, the mean time of onset of illness symptoms was 5. In the case group, 6.
Of 59 patients with RA, 2 3. The minimum, maximum and mean numbers of joints involved in RA were 1, 20 and 10, respectively. Mean RF was The level of RF in Demographic and biochemical characteristics of the study subjects are presented in Table 1.
Mean serum rheumatoid arthritis stages level was not significantly different between the groups. But in subgroup analysis, mean serum testosterone level in females of the control group was significantly higher than in females of the case group. Mean serum DHEAs level in the control group was significantly higher than the case group in both genders. The prevalence of abnormal testosterone and DHEAs in the case group was significantly higher than the control group.
Logistic regression analysis of factors and rheumatoid arthritis is shown in Table 3. Logistic regression analysis showed independent and significant relation only between the levels of DHEAs and RA, after adjusting the effects of age and gender OR: 0.
Table 1 Demographic and biochemical characteristics of the study subjects Variable.